European Roulette – French Bets

Here we will look at the different types of unique bets played in European roulette – French Bets. This article is designed with casino workers in mind, with the intent of broadening their knowledge.

Very few casinos in North America operate these games with French Bets. Those that do, usually only offer 1 or 2 types (Series/Neighbors). I know of no casino in Canada to offer full French bets and only a handful in the United States; Wynn/Encore Las Vegas, Bellagio, Venetian/Palazzo and MGM, all in Las Vegas.

Because of this, very few people in our business (Canada/USA) are qualified or knowledgeable in this game type. Knowing this aspect of the game gives anyone a step up over others.

Let’s get started!

Series Bets

In European roulette, we commonly employ four types of series bets. They are known as:

  1. Voisins du Zero or La Grande Série or Les Grands Voisins du Zero
  2. Zero Spiel or Le Jeu du Zero
  3. Tiers
  4. Orphelins

In most casinos, these bets are placed inside what is called the “Racetrack”, seen below.

Modern Racetrack

Sections


Voisins du Zero

This is a 9 piece bet and it covers 17 numbers. It is designed to cover the maximum amount of numbers with the minimum number of chips, all while maximizing the potential return. It consists of:

  1. 0,2,3 Street “Corner” – 2 pieces
  2. 4,7 Split – 1 piece
  3. 12,15 Split – 1 piece
  4. 18,21 Split – 1 piece
  5. 19,22 Split – 1 piece
  6. 25,29 Corner – 2 pieces
  7. 32,35 Split – 1 piece

Voisins

 


Zero Spiel

This is a smaller version of the Voisins. It is a 4 piece bet that covers 7 numbers.

  1. 0,3 Split – 1 piece
  2. 12,15 Split – 1 piece
  3. 26 Straight Up – 1 piece
  4. 32,35 Split – 1 piece

Tiers

This is a French term literally translated as “Thirds”. It is a 6 piece bet that covers 12 numbers, all Splits.

  1. 5,8 – 1 piece
  2. 10,11 – 1 piece
  3. 13,16 – 1 piece
  4. 23,24 – 1 piece
  5. 27,30 – 1 piece
  6. 33,36 – 1 piece

Tiers


Orphelins

This French term is translated as Orphans. This section is called Orphelins because, as can be seen in the representation of the wheel above, it consists of the two remaining groups of numbers separated by the rest of the series’.

It is a 5 piece bet which covers 8 numbers.

  1. 1 Straight Up – 1 piece
  2. 6,9 Split – 1 piece
  3. 14,17 Split – 1 piece
  4. 17,20 Split – 1 piece
  5. 31,34 Split – 1 piece

Orphelins

Neighbor Bets

Neighbor bets are very simple. This is a 5 piece bet which covers the number called and the two numbers on each side. Therefore, “7 and the Neighbors” would cover 7,12,18,28,29. These are all Straight Up bets.

Complete Bets

Complete bets are divided into multiple options. Full Complete, Inside Complete and Complete Dozens. As mentioned in a previous post, progressive betting will be utilized for these bet types.

Full Complete

A Full Complete bet consists of a number which is bet covering every station/position of said number. Example for number 5:

  • 1 piece Straight Up
  • 2 pieces on each Split
  • 3 pieces on the Street
  • 4 pieces on each Corner
  • 6 pieces on each Six-Line

The bet is placed as a total amount Straight Up on the desired number and capped with a button denoting Full Complete. So, if each piece is valued at $25, a single $1,000 chip would be placed with the button.

The following illustrates the amount of pieces required and payouts in units for every number on the layout:

  • 0 = 17 pieces and pays 235 units
  • 1 = 27 pieces and pays 297 units
  • 2 = 36 pieces and pays 396 units
  • 3 = 27 pieces and pays 297 units

 

  • 4 – 31(Column) = 30 pieces and pays 294 units
  • 5 – 32(Column) = 40 pieces and pays 392 units
  • 6 – 33(Column) = 30 pieces and pays 294 units

 

  • 34 = 18 pieces and pays 198 units
  • 35 = 24 pieces and pays 264 units
  • 36 = 18 pieces and pays 198 units

Inside Complete

This follows the same outline as the Full Complete, with one notable exception. The Streets and Six-Lines are omitted from the bet. Therefore, only the “inside” is bet. Again, number 5 as an example:

  • 1 piece Straight Up
  • 2 pieces on each Split
  • 4 pieces on each Corner

The entirety of number and unit payouts are as follows:

  • 0 = 13 pieces and pays 203 units
  • 1 = 14 pieces and pays 202 units
  • 2 = 23 pieces and pays 301 units
  • 3 = 14 pieces and pays 202 units

 

  • 4 – 31(Column) = 15 pieces and pays 201 units
  • 5 – 32(Column) = 25 pieces and pays 299 units
  • 6 – 33(Column) = 15 pieces and pays 201 units

 

  • 34 = 9 pieces and pays 135 units
  • 35 = 15 pieces and pays 201 units
  • 36 = 9 pieces and pays 135 units

Complete Dozens

There are two types of complete dozens that can be employed; Full Complete Dozen and 100-piece Dozen. 

Full Complete Dozen

This bet is very similar to the Full Complete bets described earlier. A single bet will be placed in the appropriate Dozen betting area, capped with a button denoting Complete Dozen. Just as the example of number 5 required 40 pieces, dozens will encompass every number and station in said dozen. Having said this, assuming a chip value of $25:

First Dozen – 136 pieces = $3,400 bet

Second Dozen – 140 pieces = $3,500 bet

Third Dozen – 120 pieces = $3,000 bet

When a number is spun, the payout is identical to the Full Complete numbers previously described. The only exception will be if the number spun is adjacent to the dozen bet. In this case, we will have Partials.

For example, the first dozen was bet and the number spun was 14. In this case there would be 4 winning stations:

  • Split 11,14
  • Corner 10,14
  • Corner 11,14
  • Six-Line 10,15

First Dozen Partials

  • 0 = 16 pieces and pays 200 units
  • 13 = 12 pieces and pays 96 units
  • 14 = 16 pieces and pays 128 units
  • 15 = 12 pieces and pays 96 units

Second Dozen Partials

  • 10 & 12 = 12 pieces and pays 96 units
  • 11 = 16 pieces and pays 128 units
  • 25 & 27 = 12 pieces and pays 96 units
  • 26 = 16 pieces and pays 128 units

Third Dozen Partials

  • 22 = 12 pieces and pays 96 units
  • 23 = 16 pieces and pays 128 units
  • 24 = 12 pieces and pays 96 units

The key to these, with the exception of 0, is to multiply the winning pieces by 8 to determine the payout in units.

100-Piece Dozen

This option was derived as a way to simplify the bet, thereby increasing the pace of the game. It is much simpler to determine 100 pieces at $75 than 136 pieces at $75.

This bet is achieved by eliminating certain lines.

The Top Line (0,1,2,3) and Six-Line 10,15 are removed for the First Dozen. That is 16 pieces and 20 pieces, respectively.

Six-Lines 10,15 & 22,27 are removed for the Second Dozen, thus 20 pieces each.

Finally, Six-Line 22,27 is removed for the Third Dozen.

European Roulette is a beautiful game with unique betting structures. When dealt properly, it is simply awe-inspiring to watch. Procedures and such are not expanded on here, as everyone will have their own way of executing the game. But, there is a clean, elegant and fluid way of dealing this game…..

 

One thought on “European Roulette – French Bets

  1. BJ Boston says:

    Another great article!

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